|Summary|| Crowdsourcing is the practice of obtaining needed services, ideas, or content by soliciting contributions from a large group of people. It is very critical during crisis since it helps in managing a crisis at a time of chaos and causalities.
Examples: This 2011 book by Aliza Sherman offers an introduction to understanding crowdsourcing. To see how crowdsourcing can help in natural disasters, a starting point could be "Crowdsourcing Geographic Information for Disaster Response: A Research Frontier" which looks into sharing data and the usefulness of crowdsourcing in four wildfires that impacted the Santa Barbara area in 2007–2009
There are a number of Software and Tools out there that help in making crowdsourcing an easier process. An important example tool is Ushahidi, a free and open-source platform that allows interested individuals and groups to create live, interactive maps. It is a platform can be used to combine citizen reporting with mapping and visualization tools to create a crisis map—a realtime, dynamic, multifaceted snapshot of how a crisis is evolving. The paper "Crowdsourcing or Crisis Mapping in Haiti" shows how Ushahidi was developed and implemented for the purpose of crowdsourcing in the aftermath of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. The effectiveness and reliability of crowdsourced information are other aspects that are looked into by publications such as "Gaps in the Net..." which questions if crowdsourced reporting resulted in creating an inequality in the response to crises by drawing undue attention to certain regions and leaving other vulnerable areas under represented.
" Verifying Crowdsourced Social Media Reports for Live Crisis Mapping: An Introduction to Information Forensics" on the other hand, argues that information gained from crowdsourcing is useful and that concrete strategies do exist for the verification of geo-referenced crowdsourced social media information, thus suggesting that crowdsourced information can, to a certain extent, be considered reliable.
|Guidelines||Included are publications that address information sharing and collaborations that includes large groups of people|