|Summary|| Geographical analysis is a field of computer science that can give information about places on Earth's surface. A geographic information system (GIS) is a system that could be used to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data. In the simplest terms, GIS is the merging of cartography, statistical analysis, and computer science technology.
Examples: It is possible to read a text and understand what place it is talking about, even if the text does not include geographical coordinates. This can be seen in the example of, Location based insights from social web; in this paper, they propose a framework for classifying location elements and a method for their extraction from social web data without relying on GPS.
In addition to that, to see how the GIS affect the ways of dealing and managing the crisis, you can have a look at this publication " The Effect of a Geographical Information System on Communication in Professional Emergency Response Organizations
|Guidelines||This keyword can be used for the publications that focus on Automatic geolocation, crisis mapping, etc.|