Natural Language Processing

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Summary Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a field of computer science and linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages. Many challenges in NLP involve natural language understanding, that is, enabling computers to derive meaning from human or natural language input.

NLP can be used in humanitarian computing to classify relevant tweets and text messages based on their subject matter. This categorization can help deliver relevant information to the appropriate personnel. These are essential to enable the personal to timely and efficiently work to address the most urgent needs, and to understand the emergency situation better.

Examples: Classifying Text Messages for Haiti Earthquake is one of the publications that introduces a new information technology infrastructure called Enhanced Messaging for the Emergency Response Sector (EMERSE), that uses NLP to classify and aggregate tweets and text messages about the 2010 Haiti earthquake disaster.

Guidelines This includes papers dealing with natural language processing, text analysis, sentiment analysis, etc.

Title Author(s) Date Citation Count
A Disruption-Tolerant Architecture for Secure and Efficient Disaster Response Communications Kevin Fall
Gianluca Iannaccone
Jayanthkumar Kannan
Fernando Silveira
Nina Taft
2 May 2010 17
A Framework for Analyzing Collective Action Events on Twitter Kartikeya Bajpai
Anuj R. Jaiswal
8 May 2011 10
A Rule-Based System for Contextualized Information Delivery Beibei Hu
Jan Hidders
Marc de Lignie
Philipp Cimiano
8 May 2011 1
Activity Theory as a Methodological And Analytical Framework for Information Practices in Emergency Management Jyoti Mishra
David Allen
Alan Pearman
8 May 2011 3
Amplifying the Voice of Youth in Africa via Text Analytics Prem Melville
Vijil Chenthamarakshan
Richard D. Lawrence
James Powell
Moses Mugisha
11 August 2013 1
An Empirical Investigation of Alert Notifications: A Temporal Analysis Approach Babajide Osatuyi
Michael Chumer
2 May 2010
Bursty Event Detection from Text Streams for Disaster Management Sungjun Lee
Sangjin Lee
Kwanho Kim
Jonghun Park
17 April 2012 3
Classifying Text Messages for the Haiti Earthquake Cornelia Caragea
Nathan McNeese
Anuj Jaiswal
Greg Traylor
Hyun-Woo Kim
Prasenjit Mitra
Dinghao Wu
Andrea Tapia
Lee Giles
Bernard Jansen
John Yen
8 May 2011 28
Communication Problems in Crisis Response Jonas Lundberg
Mikael Asplund
8 May 2011 8
Community Driven Data Integration for Emergency Response Naveen Ashish
Sharad Mehrotra
2 May 2010
Cultural Analysis and Formal Standardised Language — a Mass Casualty Incident Perspective Fabian Wucholt
Mareike Mähler
Yeliz Yildirim
Uwe Krüger
Clemens Beckstein
8 May 2011
Evaluating the Impact of Incorporating Information from Social Media Streams in Disaster Relief Routing Ashlea Bennett Milburn
Clarence L. Wardell III
17 April 2012
Evaluation of Natural Language Processing Techniques for Sentiment Analysis on Tweets Thanh Tung Dang October 2012
Exploiting Online Social Data in Ontology Learning for Event Tracking and Emergency Response Chung-Hong Lee
Chih-Hung Wu
Hsin-Chang Yang
Wei-Shiang Wen
Chang-Yi Chiang
August 2013
Foundations of a Multilayer Annotation Framework for Twitter Communications During Crisis Events William J. Corvey
Sudha Verma
Sarah Vieweg
Martha Palmer
James H. Martin
Framing the design space for novel crisis-related mashups: the eStoryS example Andrea Bellucci
Alessio Malizia
Paloma Diaz
Ignacio Aedo
2 May 2010 9
Generic Information Logistics for Early Warning Systems Matthias Lendholt
Martin Hammitzsch
8 May 2011 12
Identifying User Requirements for a Cbrne Management System: a Comparison of Data Analysis Methods Milica Stojmenovic
Cathy Dudek
Patrick Noonan
Bruce Tsuji
Devjani Sen
Gitte Lindgaard
8 May 2011 6
In Haiti’s Hour of Need, Texting “4636″ Became a Lifeline Christopher Connell 19 February 2010
Information Quality Criteria and Their Importance for Experts in Crisis Situations Therese Friberg
Stephan Prödel
Rainer Koch
8 May 2011 5
Location Inference using Microblogging Messages Yohei Ikawa
Miki Enoki
Michiaki Tatsubori
17 April 2012
Location-Based Insights from the Social Web Yohei Ikawa
Maja Vuković
Jakob Rogstadius
Akiko Murakami
14 May 2013 1
Practical Extraction of Disaster-Relevant Information from Social Media Muhammad Imran
Shady Elbassuoni
Carlos Castillo
Fernando Diaz
Patrick Meier
14 May 2013 10
Situational Awareness in Mass Emergency: A Behavioral and Linguistic Analysis of Microblogged Communications Sarah Vieweg January 2012 14
Social Networks and Information Systems to Handle Emergency and Reconstruction in Natural Disasters: The L'Aquila Earthquake Case Study Alessandro Banzato
Francesco Barbini
Alessandro D'Atri
Edoardo D'Atri
13 February 2010 5
Social Web in Disaster Archives Michiaki Tatsubori
Hideo Watanabe
Akihiro Shibayama
Shosuke Sato
Fumihiko Imamura
17 April 2012 1
Social networks that matter: Twitter under the microscope Bernardo A. Huberman
Daniel M. Romero
Fang Wu
8 December 2008 762
The Use of Social Media within the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) Beate Stollberg
Tom de Groeve
17 April 2012 6
Tweeting about the Tsunami? – Mining Twitter for Information on the Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami Akiko Murakami
Tetsuya Nasukawa
17 April 2012
Twitter in Mass Emergency: What NLP Techniques Can Contribute William J. Corvey
Sarah Vieweg
Travis Rood
Martha Palmer
16 July 2010 17
Using Social Media to Enhance Emergency Situation Awareness Jie Yin
Andrew Lampert
Mark Cameron
Bella Robinson
Robert Power
2 July 2012 48
Verifying Crowdsourced Social Media Reports for Live Crisis Mapping: An Introduction to Information Forensics Patrick Meier November 2011 8
“Beacons of Hope” in Decentralized Coordination: Learning from On-the-Ground Medical Twitterers During the 2010 Haiti Earthquake Aleksandra Sarcevic
Leysia Palen
Joanne White
Kate Starbird
Mossaab Bagdouri
Kenneth Anderson
15 February 2012

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