|Summary|| Situational awareness is the perception of environmental elements with respect to time and/or space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status after some variable has changed, such as time, or some other variable, such as a predetermined event. It is also a field of study concerned with perception of the environment critical to decision-makers in complex, dynamic areas from aviation, air traffic control, power plant operations, military command and control, and emergency services such as fire fighting and policing; to more ordinary but nevertheless complex tasks such as driving an automobile or bicycle.
Situational awareness involves being aware of what is happening in the vicinity, in order to understand how information, events, and one's own actions will impact goals and objectives, both immediately and in the near future.
Examples: In humanitarian computing, this can be understood as using computers or computer software applications to help spread current environment information and happenings to people as well as to relief workers during a disaster or crisis under the perception of environmental elements with respect to time and/or space, and not after it. In order to understand various types of situational awareness, a good starting point is "A Core Ontology for Situation Awareness" which provides an ontology representation of various scenarios of situational awareness.
Situational awareness is an active research topic. Since information exchanged with decision makers in the field during a crisis could have a significant impact on how response efforts are carried out, it should be as correct as possible. An example is the paper titled "Information Quality Criteria and Their Importance for Experts in Crisis Situations" which describes an approach to defining a criterion to assess the information quality of critical information available for decision-making officers in charge during complex situations.
|Guidelines||Included are publications that focus on topics that involve making on-the-field people (victims, aid workers, emergency responders, etc) more aware of the situation at hand in order to help them to understand what is happening on the ground|