Software and Tools
|Summary|| Nowadays there is a large number of new software and tools/platforms for the humanitarian computing area.
Example : The usefulness of software and tools in Humanitarian Computing area can be seen for instance in "A Sensitive Twitter Earthquake Detector". This paper describes early work at developing an earthquake detector for Australia and New Zealand using Twitter. Evaluation of a software Prototype for supporting Fire Emergency Response is another paper that talks about the human computer interfaces aspects of another software developed for supporting fire fighters during fire emergency response.
Another relevant paper to look into is "The Humanitarian FOSS Project" which talks about Humanitarian Free and Open Source Software Project (HFOSS Project), which is an educational initiative whose goal is to engage undergraduates in computer science by building free and open source software that benefits humanity.
Another technology that can help in Humanitarian computing is GPS and the publication The impact of GPS on Performance, Response Time and Communication during Crisis shows how the GPS has played a big role in minimizing causalities during crisis. It compares the performance between teams that had access to GPS information in the command post with teams that had access only to paper maps. The results shows that the teams who used the GPS was more effective than the teams who had access to paper maps.
There are other software tools that help in making crowdsourcing an easier process. An important example tool is Ushahidi, a free and open-source platform that allows interested individuals and groups to create live, interactive maps.
|Guidelines||These are papers that describe or overview a real-world, practical software system or platform.|